Alifa Rifaat: The line between passivity and acceptance.

Fatma Abdullah Rifaat was born into a Muslim family in 1930s Cairo. From a young age, she pursued the study of English, writing and publishing works professionally under the pseudonym Alifa Rifaat.  In the primary years of her marriage, her husband permitted her writing, however in c.1960 she stopped after he became increasingly uncomfortable with …

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Being Transgender in the Middle East

Iran is hailed as one of the most conservative countries in the world and has strict laws regarding homosexual relationships, which are punishable with death. Thus it may come as a surprise to hear that Iran does indeed carry out the largest number of transgender surgeries after Thailand, according to France 24’s Middle East Matters. …

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